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No claim is made to the materials provided above, except those authored by ADI as stated therein. These documents are made
available to members of the United States Congress, and their assistants, on a fair use, educational purposes basis, only,
and no claim is made by ADI to any copyright or other rights.
How Circuses Cause Suffering:
- Insufficient Space
Animals are housed and transported in very small cages.
- Extended Periods Spent in Transport Vehicles
Even for short journeys, animals are often loaded long before, and unloaded long after.
- Lack of Exercise / Restriction of Natural Behaviors
Circuses lack the resources to allow animals to exercise normally or act naturally.
- Stress From Abnormal Conditions
Solitary animals get crowded together, predators and prey are housed in close proximity, and family members are separated.
- Physical Abuse
Most "tricks" are coerced through the use of bull hooks, electric prods, whips, metal bars, and methods most would view as torturous.
- Resulting Problems: Animals kept in circus conditions are prone to
severe health, behavioral, and psychological problems.
- Regulation Difficulties:
Studies show that the transient nature of traveling circuses present significant challenges to, and increase
the costs of, regulation and enforcement.
- Safety Concerns:
The extreme stress caused by the circus environment often makes wild animals highly dangerous, especially
with the public.
Deaths and injuries are becoming increasingly common.
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