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Worldwide Summary

Measures to prohibit or limit the use of animals in circuses

WORLDWIDE SUMMARY
Measures to prohibit or limit the use of animals in circuses have already been adopted in Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Israel, Latvia, Malta, Mexico, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan and The Netherlands and similar laws are being discussed in the UK, Brazil and Chile.

NORTH AMERICA

USA:
  63 partial or full bans on circus animals in municipalities in the US, in 27 states.  (A ‘partial’ ban or restriction includes restrictions on specific species, or types of performance, or certain uses of animals or animal management practices (such as use of elephant hooks)).

These include (at November 2016):-

Arkansas – Eureka Springs, Sherwood; California – Corona, Encinitas, Huntington Beach, Irvine, Los Angeles, Marin County, Oakland, Pasadena, Rohnert Park, San Francisco, Santa Ana, West Hollywood and California state; Colorado – Boulder; Connecticut – Stamford; Florida – Clearwater, Hallandale Beach, Hollywood, Margate, Miami Beach, Pompano Beach, Tallahassee, Weston; Georgia – Fulton County; Hawaii – Maui County; Idaho – Blaine County, Ketchum; Illinois – Collinsville; Indiana – Fort Wayne, St John, Kansas – Douglas County; Massachusetts – Braintree, Cambridge, Pittsfield, Plymouth, Provincetown, Quincy, Revere, Somerville, Weymouth; Minnesota – Minneapolis; Missouri – Richmond; Montana – Missoula; New Jersey – Bergen County, Jersey City; New York – Greenburgh, Plattsburg, Southampton; North Carolina – Asheville, Orange County;  Ohio state; Oregon – Clatsop County; Rhode Island state; South Carolina – Aiken County, Chester County; Texas – Austin, Simonton; Vermont – Burlington; Virginia – Richmond; Washington – Port Townsend, Redmond;  Wisconsin – Dane County, Green Bay, Madison.

Canada: Local bans on the use of animals in circuses in 28 municipal jurisdictions including Vancouver.

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA

Argentina: Local bans on the use of wild animals in circuses in over 20 cities including a ban in the city of Buenos Aires

Bolivia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild and domestic animals in circuses

Brazil: Local bans on the use of wild and domestic animals in circuses in the districts of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Pernambuco, Paraiba, Rio Grande do Sul, Espiritu Santo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Alagoas and a number of bans in cities within another four Brazilian states

Chile: Local bans on the use of wild and domestic animals in circuses in the city of Santiago

Colombia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses; Local ban on the use of animals in circuses in the capital, Bogota

Costa Rica: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.

Ecuador: Nationwide ban on the use of native wild animals; restrictions on the use of exotic animals; ban on the import of both native and exotic wild animals with circuses

El Salvador: Nationwide ban on the “Income, use or abuse of wildlife species in all kinds of entertainment”

Mexico:Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses

Panama:Nationwide ban prohibiting “entry of wild animals for use in static and travelling circuses and similar shows”

Paraguay: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.

Peru: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses as well as a local ban on all animals in Magdalena del Mar

EUROPE

Austria: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.

Belgium: Nationwide ban on the use of most wild animals in circuses (Parrots and camel are classed as domestic)

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Nationwide ban on all animals in circuses

Bulgaria: Nationwide ban on certain wild animal species in circuses, variety shows and other entertainment facilities

Croatia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses

Czech Republic: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses

Cyprus: Nationwide ban on all animals in circuses

Denmark: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses

Estonia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild-born animals in circuses

Finland: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses

France: Local bans in more than 30 cities

Greece: Nationwide ban on all animals in circuses

Hungary: Nationwide ban on the use of wild caught animals in circuses, the purchase and training of elephants and primates for circus performances and the purchase, training and use of CITES (Appendix 1) listed species in circuses

Ireland: Local bans on the use of animals in circuses in Drogheda, Dublin, Fingal, Galway City, Kildare, Monaghan, Moyle, South Dublin and Waterford

Latvia: Nationwide restrictions effectively banning the use of wild-caught animals

Malta: Nationwide ban on all animals for performances, exhibitions, shows or training for the circus

The Netherlands: Nationwide ban on the use and transport of animals in circuses, with exemptions for certain, mostly domestic, species

Norway: Use of wild species effectively banned nationwide – positive list of permitted animals only includes domestic animals (apart from camels)

Poland: Nationwide ban on the use of wild-born animals in circuses

Portugal: Nationwide ban restricting the use of great apes in circuses and the acquisition and breeding of CITES listed species

Slovenia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses

Spain: Local bans on the use of wild animals in circuses in many towns and cities including Barcelona

Sweden: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses

UK: Over 200 local authorities have bans on animal circuses (more than two thirds of these ban all performing animals, the remainder ban just wild animals). A commitment to ban the use of wild animals in circuses in England, Scotland and Wales is yet to be enacted

OCEANIA

Australia: Local bans on the use of animals in circuses in several towns including Hobsons Bay, Surf Coast Shire, Parramata and Lismore

ASIA

India: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses

Iran: Use of wild animals in circuses effectively banned nationwide (no permits issued)

Israel: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses

Singapore: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses

Taiwan: Nationwide prohibition on the import or export of protected wildlife for circuses